收购一家企业需要多长时间?

埃里克·沙利文

买一个业务 买家的文章 买家常见问题解答

收购企业没有固定的时间表. 

For some, it takes just a few months to find the right opportunity. 

另一些人找了十年也没找到. We call these our perennial buyers - they come back every year and never buy a thing.

但对于大多数买家来说, it will take as long as 1-2 years to find the right opportunity - which doesn’t include everything that must happen after you go under contract.

今天, we’re going to cover how long each step in the process takes, and what factors will speed up or slow down that timeline. 让我们开始.

寻找合适的生意

Throughout the years, we’ve spoken to thousands of buyers. 

Those who have a clear idea of the type of business opportunity they are looking for and are willing to jump on those limited opportunities when they arise are the most successful. 

我们的建议是:当心找到 完美的 商业——他们不存在. All successful businesses have trade-offs, drawbacks, and risks. Looking for a company that runs itself and is devoid of any risk will likely turn you into a perennial buyer. 

Take some time to seriously consider where you want to buy, 你对哪些行业感兴趣?, and prepare to jump on a good opportunity when it presents itself.

分解购买企业的过程 

Once you go under contract, it should generally take between 90 and 120 days to close. Keep this in mind if you want to buy a business within a specific time frame due to a move or any other circumstances. 

购买企业的时间表

影响购买企业时间表的事情

1. 你是哪种类型的买家 

当涉及到 类型的买家, you will generally fall under one of the following categories:

  • 个人买家 - One or two people looking to buy their first or second business.
  • 战略买家, A business within the same industry looking for a company to complement its current business by increasing market share, 产品组合, 或地理范围. 
  • 私人股本集团(PEG) A group that solicits external funding to acquire companies and generate returns to their investors.

个人买家 generally take the longest to obtain financing but usually have shorter 尽职调查 期. These buyers will most often get financing through an SBA 7(a) lender, 如果获得批准,需要45-90天. 

Strategic buyers or private equity groups (PEGS) will spend more time in 尽职调查 and require less time to line up financing. This is generally because strategics and PEGs are well-capitalized and have access to several funding sources.

2. 您购买的业务类型 

这取决于你所追求的行业, you may need to secure a license or special certification to close (especially when you’re using an SBA 7(a) loan). 对于诸如 虫害控制,发牌的规定可包括:

  • 在该行业有几年的直接经验
  • 该领域的学位或证书
  • 完成一项培训计划
  • 通过标准化考试

It is important for buyers to look into the licensing required to purchase a business 之前 他们开始寻找. The requirements for licensing depending on the business can vary greatly.

如果您对暖通空调感兴趣, 电, 管道, 或在NC的其他承包商betway必威沙巴体育, SC, 或弗吉尼亚州, 你可以查看以下资源: 

If you are planning to purchase a business in a state other than VA, SC, 或数控, you can search for licensing applications and requirements by typing in your state with the keywords “承办商牌照委员会,” “department of professional and occupational regulation,” or “劳动部,许可证和法规.”  

3. 你在购买业务方面的经验如何

Buyers who are very experienced with buying businesses will be familiar with the process and will be able to work through it quickly. 

They will have a clearer idea of what items they would like to review during 尽职调查 and will also know how to obtain financing. 

首次购房者 usually request longer 尽职调查 期 to have more time to check information during that time. Newer buyers will also not be as familiar with what to look at in 尽职调查 and how to get financing.

4. 你正在购买的betway必威沙巴体育准备得多么充分

The organization of the company you’re buying will greatly affect how easily you can take on the role of the previous owner. If the following statements are all true, the company you’re purchasing is probably well-organized: 

  • 他们有操作手册 
  • 他们有员工手册
  • 获取财务记录很容易
  • The role you’re taking over in the company (if any) isn’t too burdensome for one person 

在某些情况下, you may encounter a company with organized and documented processes in a niche industry that still requires extensive training after closing. Your timeline to train will depend on the experience you bring and the company you're acquiring.

Get Started on Managing the Timeline of 买一个业务

正如我们上面提到的, the process of looking for a business to buy begins well 之前 you send in an offer. 

If you are aiming to buy a business in the near future, you should pinpoint the industry you are interested in and begin becoming educated on what certifications and licensing are required for the industry. 

也, consider the area in which you would like to buy a company and begin initial discussions with SBA 7(A) lenders ahead of time.

If you already know what industry you want to purchase a business in, the next step is to view listings in the area you would like to buy a business in. 查看我们的 活动清单 或者查看我们的博客最好的地方找到一个商业购买“今天就开始着手收购一家企业.

了解你betway必威沙巴体育的价值

Prepare to sell by determining the value of your business.

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